Intramuscular Stimulation (IMS) and Functional Dry Needling (FDN) are two techniques involving the safe insertion of filiform needles into specific muscles and tissues with the goals of reducing pain and inflammation and restoring normal function.  Highly trained therapists utilize these techniques to reduce taut bands in muscle and therefore reduce tension and pain in structures influenced by the muscle and the muscle directly.  IMS and FDN are safe and effective treatments for many neuromusculoskeletal conditions.