Dizziness, balance issues and vertigo affect a significant amount of the adult population. For people over 65, the complaint of dizziness is the #1 cause of physician visits. The two most common causes of imbalance and disequilibrium that respond well to physiotherapy are Cervicogenic dizziness (caused by neck issues) and Benign Paroxysmal Positional Vertigo or BPPV (caused by the vestibular system). The vestibular system is the apparatus in the inner ear involved in balance. Dysfunction of the vestibular system can present from balance problems to very nauseating and disabling vertigo and dizziness.

Symptoms can be spontaneous or as a result of trauma or disease. A physiotherapist with post-graduate Vestibular training can perform a thorough assessment involving ocular, balance and coordination testing to determine the cause of the symptoms and what treatment is appropriate. Although symptoms can be vague, many people generally benefit from some form of vestibular treatment.